About Peru

POPULATION: 29, 907,003 Approximately.
CURRENCY: Nuevo Sol (S/.).
Equivalent to US$ 1 = S/. 3.00 Approximately.
Equivalent to € 1.00 = S/. 4.4 Approximately.


Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean between Chile and Ecuador. Geographical coordinates – 10 00 S, 76 00 W.


peru weather diversityPeru is a country of ecological diversity: tropical coastline, high sierra and Amazonian jungle. The Andes Mountain Range divides a narrow coastal strip of 70 to 200 kilometers in width from the Amazonian jungle.Peru is endowed with an enormous variety of climates, landscapes and ecosystems. Eighty four of the word's 103 known ecological zones and 28 different climates are present in Peru, which place it among the 5 countries with the greatest biological diversity in the world. This variation allows Peru to produce the largest grained and most tender corn in the world, as well as the smoothest avocado and the finest cotton fiber.


inti raymi sun inka festivityAncient Peru is the seat of numerous distinguished civilizations most remarkably that of the Incas. The Inca Empire, referred to as the “Tawantinsuyo” by the Incas, reached its maximum in the 16th Century and ruled over a territory that covered part of the current countries of Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. The leader of the Tawantinsuyo was called the Inca, the son of the sun god. The Incas achieved an exemplary social organization, where theethics of communal labor drove the development of the cities.
The empire was captured by the Conquistadors in 1533 but actually began its decline due to civil war prior to the arrival of the Spanish, whose domination continued for hundreds of years, suppressing the native rebellions. Peru gained its independence from Spain in 1821 with the help of the liberal revolutionary liberators such as Don Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar, principle figures behind the formation of the modern republic. Independence Day is celebrated each year on the 28th of July.  Today, the country is a diverse multi-ethnic mixture of cultures and peoples with a democratically elected government.


Peru's official languages are Spanish, and Quechua. In addition to Quechua, the language of the Incas, there are also many other indigenous languages spoken, especially among Amazonian peoples. English and other foreign languages are frequently spoken, particularly by tourist professionals.


senor de los milagros lima peru catholic
The country is predominantly Roman Catholic, another legacy of the colonial period. However, many people within the population blend Christian and indigenous rituals and beliefs. Jews, Muslims, Protestants and other religious groups have also established places of worship.







peru economy Peru’s economy is reflected in its varied geography – coastal, mountainous and tropical regions that contain their specific natural resources. The mountainous areas are rich in mineral whereas the coast provides fish and ocean resources. The tropical areas contain an abundance of resources. In addition to providing resources for domestic consumption and export, the diverse geography of Peru has also played a major role in the growing tourism, especially in ecotourism. The Peruvian government struggles to maintain a sustainable balance between conservation and exploitation of its natural resources.  Overall, the economy grew by more than 4% per year during the period 2002-06, with a stable exchange rate and low inflation.
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